Instructions to Authors

Procedure Communication

Journal of Economic and Social Research (JESR) welcomes articles of interest representing original work, analytical papers and papers based on review of extensive literature on any aspect of Social Sciences for publication.


Each article should be accompanied with a declaration by all the authors that (1) they are the authors of the article in the order in which listed; and (2) the article is original, has not been published and has not been submitted for publication elsewhere. It is the author’s responsibility to obtain permission in writing for the use of all previously published material, not that of the editor or publisher.


Each manuscript should be submitted in triplicate with a letter of transmittal. Article should be double-spaced typewritten on one side of quarto A4 size paper. The length of the article may not exceed 10,000 words. The margin kept should be 1 1/2″ on the left side and 1″ on the other three sides.

Submission of Articles

Articles should be sent through a e-mail (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.) in MS-Word format.

Review System

Every article will be reviewed by a masked peer review by two referees. The criteria used for acceptance of articles are contemporary relevance, contribution to knowledge, clear and logical analysis, fairly good English and sound methodology of research articles. The Editor reserves the right to reject any manuscript as unsuitable in topic, style or form without requesting external review.


The author owns the copyright of the article until the article is accepted by the JESR for publication. After the acceptance communication, the copyright of the article is owned by Journal and should not be reproduced elsewhere without the written permission of the editor and the authors of the article.


Preparation of the Article

Title Page

The title page includes the title of the article, name/s of the author/s, their institutional affiliation/s and e-mail address/s. Repeat only the title on the first page of the article.


The first page of the article should contain an abstract of the article not exceeding 250 words.


Use British spellings in all cases instead of American (Concise Oxford Dictionary).

Underlining Words

Words underlined in a manuscript appear in italics when typeset. Don’t underline words for emphasising them.


A term to be abbreviated must, on its first appearance, be written out completely and followed immediately by its abbreviation in parentheses. Thereafter, the abbreviation may be used without further explanation.


Use figures to express all numbers 10 and above. Use words to express numbers lower than 10, and common fractions numbers that begin a sentence/title.


Type each table on a separate page. Insert a location note at the appropriate place in the text. Minimise the use of tables.


Footnotes should be listed as notes in an appendix and not typed at the bottom of the manuscript pages on which they appear.


Verbatim citation of fewer than 40 words may be incorporated in the text, enclosed with double quotation marks. A quotation of more than 40 words may be displayed as a free standing block, indenting five spaces from the margin. Do not use quotation marks for the block quotation. Give the source of the quotation in the form of author’s last name, year and page number/s in parentheses.

Citation of Sources

When paraphrasing or referring to an idea contained in another work, the author must cite the source in the text. The surname of the author and the year of publication may be inserted at the appropriate point as part of the narrative or in parentheses.As far as possible, all articles and notes should be organised into the following sections: (i) Introduction, (ii) Hypothesis, (iii) Methodological Issues Involved, (iv) Limitations of Analysis, (v) Policy Implications and (vi) Conclusions. Sub-sections should carry clear and distinct sub-headings.

Reference List

1. The reference list at the end of the article should provide complete information necessary to identify and retrieve each source: Author/s, year of publication, title and publishing data. References cited in ‘text must appear in the reference list; conversely, each entry in the reference list must be cited in the text, both should be identical in spellings and year. 2. An article published in journal may be listed in the following format: Author’s last name, initials, year of publication, name of the article, name of the journal underlined, volume number, issue number in parentheses, and page numbers. 3. An article published in an edited book may be listed in the following format: Author’s last name, initials, year of publication, name of the article, initials and surname of editors, Ed./s. in parentheses, title of the book underlined, page numbers of the article in parentheses, place of publication and name of the publisher, separated by a colon. 4. A book may be listed in the following format: Author’s last name, initials, year of publication, title of the book underlined, place of publication and name of the publisher, separated by a colon. 5. When a reference has more than one author, list all the authors’ names. For an institutional report, write full name of the institute as the author. For a government report, the author is the name of the country/state and the name of the Ministry/Department, separated by a colon. 6. Arrange references in the Reference List in the order they are quoted/referred in the paper/article. Put the surname of the first author and then his/her initials. The Institute supplies 10 reprints of the paper free of cost to the author(s). New arrivals are also welcomed for the purpose of review in the journal.