JESR 2019, 18(S1): 40-48

Original Article in Journal of Economic and Social Research


Author: Alireza Golestani 1

1Assistant Professor, Department of Social Science, Payam Noor University of Bushehr, IR of IRAN,
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In the first place, this article intends to study folklore from epistemology point of view. In the second step, it tries to study folklore and superstition from the ethnographic perspective. Study objective in this article is about the folklore, and the study scope is folklore and superstitions due to the very close relationship between folklore and superstition. Folklore, in fact, is the ideology and psychology of the common person and his ideas on philosophy, religion, science, social institutions, rituals and festivals, poetry and song, folk arts, and oral literature. The realm of folklore is widespread. Mind of each individual is full of beliefs, thoughts, ideas, and words of popular literature. Imagining that an individual can live in society without relying on popular culture seems impossible. Superstition is a psychosocial phenomenon that has entrenched human mind from thousands of years ago, and in practice, it has dominated his thinking and reasoning, so that it is meshed with his instinct. In fact, the reason and arguments are unable to win over instinct dominated by superstition. A quick look at human life history shows that the rise of superstition is due to fears of material and mental conditions around him. These superstitious ideas have transferred from heart to heart to future generations over years, and the transfer continues. The method used in this paper is library and documents.
Key words: folklore, popular culture, superstitions, beliefs, oral literature


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