JESR 2019, 18(S1): 03-10

Original Article in Journal of Economic and Social Research


Authors: Mohammad Hassan Zangouei Dovvom1, Maryam Nasri2

1  MSc Student in Clinical Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Birjand, Iran
2 Corresponding Author, Instructor, Department of Clinical Psychology, Faculty Member of Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Birjand, Iran
Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Human being is a thinking animal that affects its physical and mental health not because of events that are happening to it, but because of the way and the kind of attitude towards the facts, problems, difficulties and events with which it encounters. Optimism and self-efficacy are two prominent features of personality that influence mental health of individuals; the common factor of optimism and self-efficacy is efficiency and it is affected in turn by the self-control. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of Islamic self-control on the self-efficacy and optimism of 10th grade students of Shahid Beheshti high school of Birjand. Methods. The research is semi-experimental, using the pre-test and post-test and control group. The research population is the 10th grade male students of Birjand; for the sake of its availability, Shahid Beheshti high school in Birjand was selected. Among the students, 40 were selected randomly and through convenience sampling and assigned to two groups of the experimental and control group. A researcher-construed training package that was approved by 5 experts and 5 teachers was taught to the experimental group during 8 training sessions over a period of 2 months in the field of efficiency enhancement. To measure the effect of Islamic self-control educational package on two variables of self-efficacy and optimism, two intervention and control groups were exposed to pre-test and post-test. The instrument for measuring two other variables was self-efficacy questionnaires (Shirer and Maddox, 2005) and optimism (Shirer & Karver, 2002). After collecting information, data were analyzed using covariance analysis and software of SPSS version 22. Results. The results of covariance analysis showed that teaching Islamic self-control to the experimental group could have a significant effect on the self-efficacy and optimism of the 10th grade students of Shahid Beheshti high school in Birjand compared with the control group. Discussion and Conclusion. Since the individuals’ self-efficacy and optimism is based on theories derived from their efficiency, and since the self-control also influences their efficiency and also based on previous studies that are consistent with the findings of this research, we conclude that the Self-control affects students' self-efficacy and optimism.

Key words: Islamic self-control, self-efficacy, optimism, tenth grade students of Birjand.


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