Original Article in Journal of Economic and Social Research
COMPARATIVE EFFECTS OF ELECTRONIC AND PRINTED BOOKS ON BIOLOGY STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS GENETICS CONCEPTS IN COLLEGES OF EDUCATION IN NIGER STATE, NIGERIA
Authors: Falode Oluwole Caleb1, Bello Ahmed Aje2, Damilola Elizabeth3
2 Department of Science Education, Federal University of Kashere, Gombe State, Nigeria
3 Department of Educational Technology, Federal University of Technology, Minna,Nigeria
This study was carried out to determine the effects of electronic and printed books on Biology students’ achievement in Genetics in Colleges of Education in Niger State, Nigeria. The influence of gender was also examined. The study adopted a quasi-experimental design in which three research questions and three corresponding null hypotheses guided the study. The sample of the study consists of 120 year one Biology students selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure from two Colleges of Education within the study area. The two schools were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups, in which 52 students (24 males and 28 females) and 68 students (33 male and 35) students were respectively exposed to genetics concepts through electronic and printed books. A 50-Multiple Choice Objective Question Items, named Genetics Achievement Test was used for data collection at pretest and posttest after being validated and found reliable. Findings revealed that electronic book significantly improved Biology students’ achievement in Genetics better than printed book. Also gender difference does not exist in students’ achievement after exposure to the two types of books. Similarly, attitude of students towards Biology was better improved with electronic book than printed book. Based on these findings, it was recommended that instructional contents should be disseminated to students in form of electronic books as these would attract, enhance their independent study and improve their academic achievement.
Keywords: Book, Electronic book, Printed book, Genetics, Biology, Academic achievement
- Amanda J. R., Jennifer, C., Kimberly, C. & David, B. (2013). Electronic versus traditional print textbooks: A comparison study on the influence of university students’ learning. Journal of Computers & Education, 6(3), 259–266
- Dinah, C. (2013). Factors which influence academic performance in biology in Kenya: A perspective for global competitiveness. International Journal of Current Research, 5(12), 4296-4300.
- Fischer, L., Hilton III, J., Robinson, T. J. & Wiley, D. (2015). A multi-institutional study of the impact of open textbook adoption on the learning outcomes of post-secondary students. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 27(3), 159–172. Retrieved from http://link. com/article/10.1007%2Fs12528-015-9101-x
- Jimes, C., Weiss, S. & Keep, R. (2013). Addressing the local in localization: A case study of open textbook adoption by three South African teachers. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 17(2), 73–86. Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1018301
- Khalid, A. (2015). Text Books: ebook Vs. Print. Journal of Education and Human Development, 3(2), 243-258
- Kumar, K. (1988). Origins of India’s “textbook culture”. Comparative Education Review 32(4),452–464. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/1188251?seq=1#page_scan_tab_Contents.
- Knox, J. (2013). The limitations of access alone: Moving towards open processes in education technology. Open Praxis, 5(1), 21–29. Retrieved from http://www.openpraxis. org/~openprax/index.php/OpenPraxis/article/view/36
- Sele, S. E. (2013). Academic Quality Assurance in the Colleges of Education: Challenges and Ways Forward for Future Development. International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, 13, 1-9.
- Mohammed M. A. E. & Shimaa, A. A. (2015). The effect of interactive e-book on students' achievement at Najran University in computer in education course. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(19), 71-82.
- Oliver, R. (2002). The role of ICT in higher education for the 21st century: ICT a change agent for education. Retrieved on 12 February 2103 from http://bhs-ict.pbworks.com/f/role%25200f2520ict.pdf
- Osakwe, R. N. (2012). Challenges of information and communication technology (ICT) education in Nigerian public secondary schools. Education Research Journal, 2(12), 388-391. Retrieved on the 15th February, 2015 from http://www.resjournals.com/ERJ
- Richardson, J. V, Jr, & Mahmood, K. (2012). E-book readers: User satisfaction and usability issues. Library Hi Tech, 30(1), 170–185.
- Wiley, D., Hilton III, J. L., Ellington, S. & Hall, T. (2012). A preliminary examination of the cost savings and learning impacts of using open textbooks in middle and high school science classes. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 13(3). Retrieved from http://www.irrodl.org/index.php/irrodl/article/view/1153/2256